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Welcome to, a community website dedicated to offering a spectrum of writings (ebooks, articles, commentaries) that are iconic in the collective memory of the Chitrapur Saraswat Community. This collection of writings form a corpus of heritage thought which we hope will provoke and sustain reader interest over time and space, and refresh memories across communities and people. We invite you to join us and enjoy this journey of discovery.

All eBooks and articles offered here are free to download.

Apostle of Sacrifice
Deshbhakta Karnad Sadashiv Rao Memorial Volume

First published on 27th March 1971 for the Deshbhakta Karnad Sadashiv Rao Memorial Committee.

The Freedom Movement in India threw up an amazing spectrum of personalities across our huge and diverse society - multi lingual, multi religious, multi cultural - 'multi' in every aspect you can imagine, yet united in its goal of regaining sovereignty for the country. This unity of purpose was the key to eventual success of our Freedom Movement, no matter what the travails along the way. Conversely, and sadly, it is divisiveness and a lack of syncretism in our society that hobbles every step in the same country today.

The vast swathe of sentiments generated against the colonial system had its leadership pillars, so to speak, in every part of our country a century back - in the coastal region of Karnataka (then part of Madras Presidency), one name that stands out in collective memory is that of Karnad Sadashiv Rao - a successful lawyer turned social reformer, and principal organiser for the Freedom Movement in the Kanaras. In the language of the day, some called him the "Uncrowned King of Kanaras". Under the influence of the Mahatma, he threw himself wholeheartedly into organising the Freedom movement, and in fundraising for this struggle. Prior to this, he had been active with Kudmul Ranga Rao (more about him here) in advancing the cause of women and widows, in social and education reform especially for girls, combating poverty and working to improve the lot of 'depressed classes', whom Mahatma Gandhi later addressed as Harijans.

Post Rowlatt Act and the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy (1919) when the Mahatma launched the first Satyagraha Movement, Sadashiv Rao was the first in the Kanaras to sign the Satyagraha pledge. He further took up the cause to introduce the region to the Indian National Congress, which had been absent till then in the area. Moving between districts, towns and villages, Sadashiv Rao carried the Congress banner far and wide, gathering workers, farmers and ordinary people to the greater cause of Freedom. For 17 years, till his untimely death in 1937, he remained the heart and soul of the freedom struggle in the region... And he progressively sacrificed his all, body and soul, to the Cause.
It was his activities that brought the national leadership -the Mahatma, Deshbandhu CR Das, Jawaharlal Nehru, C.Rajagopalachari, Sarojini Naidu, the Ali Brothers and many others to the Karnataka region ... In many activities, he worked actively with Umabai Kundapur (more about her here) another icon of the Freedom Struggle in the area. Sadashiv Rao also remained the biggest proponent of Congress' Constructive Program, opening Rashtriya schools, weaving and spinning centres for Khadi, schools for girls, and Khadi Bhandars. In the process, he incurred huge debts, causing immense personal hardship to himself and family. Dr Zakir Hussain, (then) Vice President of India, and himself an eminent educationist, writes in his tribute "He (Sadashiv Rao) was a "Khudai Khidmatgar" of the Kanaras ... always in the vanguard of the freedom struggle, he died a destitute, but left a rich legacy of human endeavour, service and sacrifice".

We feel privileged to bring the life story of this true "Deshbhakta" to all our readers, and to our community, especially the younger generations. Through his life and actions, Karnad Sadashiv Rao raised the bar of equality, justice and selfless service very high, to help create a new India, which he, sadly, did not live to see.

We bring our hands together to revere a great soul. May his achievements always remain a beacon to us,now and in the future.

Collage of photographs of the Benegal Brothers

The Benegal Brothers
The story of a family and its times 1864-1975

Kanchan Karopady Bannerjee
First Print: 2010

A family may have one or two publicly distinguished members, but the subjects of this book are four equally noteworthy and extremely capable Chitrapur Saraswats, excelling in their chosen professions to impact social and political events in the India from late 19th century to mid 20th century.The "Benegal Brothers" as they are known, had an equally dedicated and large hearted father - Benegal Raghavendra Rao - a medical man, who, after a full career, made it his life's mission to do charity work in South Canara and elsewhere. That, then, makes it five!

The eldest, Sanjiva Rau, assisted by a government scholarship and sheer grit, completed a double Tripos in Mathematics at Cambridge, narrowly missed joining the Indian Civil Service,but succeeded brilliantly in the Educational field,was associated with several path breaking institutions such as the Hindu College in Benares, later with colleges in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). With his wife, he worked for educational institutions for women in Allahabad,and at Rajghat, again in Benares. As a Theosophist, he was active in educational institutions started by the thinker J. Krishnamurthi.

The second brother, Narsing Rau, etched an equally distinguished career in public administration and the judiciary. A contemporary of Jawaharlal Nehru at Cambridge, he was the only Indian to join the ICS in 1909. He was associated in the creation of the Government of India Act 1935, which gave limited autonomy to Indian provinces, and later served as a conduit to the increasing Indian demand for 'Poorna Swaraj'. Appointed by the Constituent Assembly as its Legal Adviser to shape and create the Indian Constitution in preparation for Independence,he became a member of the pivotal committee (headed by the then Law Minister, BR Ambedkar), mandated to create this crucial document that is today the bedrock for a free, secular and sovereign India. Appointments as Representative of free India to the United Nations, and as a Judge at the International Court of Justice at the Hague followed. In each of these Narsing Rau gave of his best, a true believer in equity and impartial rule of Law, an upholder of the best in all his actions.

The third brother, Rama Rau made his mark in administration. Also a civil servant, he gained expertise in finance, becoming the longest serving (to date) Governor of the Reserve Bank of India - 10 years - and also served as Deputy High Commissioner of India in UK, and Consul General for India in South Africa.

The fourth and youngest brother, Shiva Rau, a journalist and activist took up the cause of trade/labour unions in pre and post-Independent India, as also women`s education and livelihood (his wife Kitty, an Austrian, worked with Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya) and to improve their status in a newly independent society. Shiva Rau was, interestingly, an elected member of the Lok Sabha (from Mangalore) and later nominated to the Rajya Sabha, in both capacities making definitive contributions to the working of democratic setups in our national institutions.

Brilliant and catalysing careers, sketched very competently and painstakingly by the author, Kanchan Karopady Bannerjee, who also embarked on her path of rediscovering her own community while researching the Benegals. The book is a lively read, replete with anecdotes and side stories, conversations with family members and friends, maps and photos - all giving a parallel picture of a confident and evolving community, of which the Benegal Brothers were avant garde members.

Collage of photographs of the Benegal Brothers

Inner Recesses
Outer Spaces

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay
Delhi, 1986 

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya was a true Renaissance person, if ever there was one. Born to a noted Chitrapur Saraswat family [nee Dhareshwar] of Mangalore at the turn of the 20th century, she overcame many personal adversities to work over amazingly diverse areas of activity in colonial and post colonial India that was increasingly swept into what was perhaps the most momentous and non violent Independence Movement in the history of Mankind. Young Kamaladevi quickly grasped the true import of Independence - not just physical, but also mental. She realized what a whole new perspective it had opened out before a poor and struggling colonial economy and polity - she realized how many sacrifices would have to be made by such a diverse country and how much its leaders and peoples would have to work to get the colonial masters to concede Independence to India.

Wherever there was action in the political field, she was there: she was the first woman in India to contest (and lose by a narrow margin) an assembly election in Madras Presidency, she was the only woman who took up cudgels with Mahatma Gandhi to include women in the Salt Satyagraha; when the Satyagrahis marched to make salt at Chowpaty (Bombay) in 1930s, she was in its forefront. She was imprisoned for many years by the British, but her spirit only burnt brighter for the cause of Freedom . Along with another Aamchi, Umabai Kundapur (more about her here) she helped create Mahila Dal (women volunteers) of the Indian National Congress and served along with Sarojini Naidu, Aruna Asaf Ali to mobilize women in the National movement. She helped shape the All India Women`s Conference to take up the cause of what is today a "trending " movement - gender equality.

Her travels to countries as diverse as the US and Egypt, Ethiopia and (pre Communist) China sensitized the world to India's freedom struggle. Partition in 1947 disappointed her, but she threw herself headlong into the task of rehabilitation in traumatic times, an equally daunting task - to give livelihood and self respect back to a displaced people, far more in number than in today's Iraq, Syria or Libya. She virtually singlehandedly laid the foundations for the revival of handicraft and cottage industries in India, helping create jobs for vast numbers. In her own words:

"post 1947, I stepped off the highway of politics into the side lanes of development".

Not just that, she helped revive Theatre, the Folk Arts, built up institutions like the National School of Drama, the Sangeet Natak Akademi, the India International Centre, to attract the best talent of the land. The Bankura horse (today a symbol of cottage handicrafts in India) was her "discovery", as was the revival of Ikat and chic khadi garments. True to her life and her mission, her Memoirs are written (in 1986, 2 years before she passed on) in a most unassuming, matter of fact style, with least emphasis on importance of her catalysing role in so many national ventures. To this day, they remain a true testament of her faith in the people of India.

www.ChitrapurEbooks is privileged to bring her Memoirs back to the community that gave birth to her, in the hope that her example will serve as a role model not only to generations of youngsters (of today, tomorrow and the days after) within the community, but in fact to anyone, anywhere in the world who reads her extraordinary account. We are also happy that, courtesy her family members, we have been able to source many of her family photographs, not in public view earlier. (See them here)

On The Wings Of Time

Author: Kamala S. Dongerkerey
Year of Print: 1968, Bombay

Kamala Dongerkery, originally from Dharwar, a writer/musician, activist and social worker, was wife of a well known educationist, Sundar Dongerkery, who was successively Registrar and Rector at the University of Bombay before Independence, and post Independence, the Vice Chancellor of Marathwada University set up in Aurangabad,Maharashtra. The couple was active in the pre and post Independence era in both the educational and social fields. Inspired by Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya, Kamala began writing on, and working for, promotion of the saree as a garment, as also other textiles, handicrafts, toys and jewellery. Her several books on these subjects are still around, and in many areas she pioneered activity, to promote these crafts. Appointed to the All India Handicrafts Board, she was equally active in the area of women's welfare, juvenile courts and at the All India Women's Conference, and SNDT Women's University, Bombay.

This book minutely records her observations on the diverse cultures of the people and personalities she met on her travels. The couple lived a fruitful life, supporting the idea that our vast democracy is not progressed only by movers and shakers (and leaders very often portrayed as messiahs), but also by good, diligent and honest citizens working in harmony with their surroundings.

Portrait of Kudmul Ranga Rao and a quotaion from Mahatma Gandhi "I discerned social loyalty from Mr. Rangarao. He is an inspiration and a guide for me. He is my teacher when it comes to the upliftment of the untouchables"

Lest WE Forget

Published by The Kudmul Ranga Rao Birth Centenary
Celebrations Fund, Mangalore, 1959

The Finger of Destiny touches some people and marks them out for tasks that most fellow humans would not dream of doing, or, more important, would not be capable of doing. Kudmul Ranga Rao (1859 - 1928) who later in life took to saffron robes as Swami Ishwarananda, was one such. The epitaph in "Lest We Forget" says it all..." (he) realised God in the service of the Poor, the Weak and the Downtrodden". Ranga Rao worked his entire life for the removal of many curses that have bedevilled Indian society over the millennia - Untouchability, Poverty and Emancipation of women, particularly widows and all sections of society who lacked support in life. He worked for Human Rights long before the word was invented, and became globally fashionable.

A teacher turned lawyer turned social emancipator, his life was his message; he worked without recompense, and with very little support. The principles he stood by in the times he lived in, and the type of work he did, earned him the praise of many, but the ire of many more. He had to face ostracism in the wider community and even physical threats to his family. He, however, stood firm by his ideals. He did not do this for recognition, but because he believed in what he felt. Recognition came to him after he passed on, but what he strove and struggled to achieve has been universally recognised today. Today, many institutions with similar goals as his have multiplied, but Ranga Rao fought his battles alone, with unmatched perseverance and humility.

In the history of coastal Karnataka, or even elsewhere, there have been few personalities who worked in areas he chose, and his memory lives on today through the institutions he created. This slim work captures the emotions and respect of his contemporaries towards him.
May his tribe increase !! 

Rao Bahadur S. S. Talmaki
birth centenary celebrations
inauguration number

Publisher: Rao Bahadur S. S. Talmaki Birth
Centenary Celebrations Committee, Bombay 1967.

If there was any Eminent Person in the CS community in terms of seminal ideas, and their realisation for benefit of the entire community in the 19th/20th century, it would doubtless be Rao Bahadur Sripad S. Talmaki.

Known as the Father of Housing Cooperative Movement in a rapidly industrialising Bombay Presidency, he was also responsible for laying the foundations of the Shamrao Vittal Cooperative (SVC) Bank, creating the Saraswat Social Club, which burgeoned into the Kanara Saraswat Association (KSA). As if that was not enough, this institution builder went on to compile "Saraswat Families" and "Collection of Konkani Proverbs" publications which have been pillars of collective knowledge of the community's historic, linguistic and genealogical past, and are reference points to this day. Talmaki's lifework is an astounding tribute to his perseverance and intellectual efforts. The KSA Special number, Dec 1967 brings out the high points of his lifelong labours, focusing on his single mindedness in guiding the betterment of a community still emerging from its rural cocoon,and helping it,as it were, "lift itself up by its bootstraps".

Photo collage from the book "A Gentle Life"

A Gentle Life
The Autobiography Of
Naimpalli Sita Shiva Rao

Edited by Pandrang Row


Gentle readers, we present to you a rather unusual chronicle of an Aamchi family, originating from occupant of a manorial house in Mangalore,and stretching out through Chennai, Delhi, London, Sweden, UK and Europe and eventually back to Mangalore/Bangalore. "A Gentle Life" is an amazing autobiography of Naimpalli Sita Shiva Rao, transcribed wholly from her memory, and worked into print by a grandson and others.

What strikes a reader are the masses of relatives, friends, eminent personalities, political and distinguished persona who inhabit her mental "stage". In this age of nuclear families, the following statement would make for a lot of jaw dropping......" I have 36 nephews and nieces from my siblings. There were hordes of children in the house when I grew up, and couple of aunts as well"..........Daughter of a noted family of Mangalore ,and married into another, Sita Shiva Rao vividly describes the life, food, festivals and ambience of days that exist today only in (fading) memories. Marriage into the Naimpalli family brought her to their large mansion/estate called "Shiva Baug"on Mercara Hill in Mangalore. This palatial hilltop structure often hosted visiting English administrators and grandees (before Independence) and eminent Congress leaders, civilians and military officials after 1947. Mahatma Gandhi stayed at the house,as did, later, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sarojini Naidu and other politicos of that era. The author narrates interactions with many of them.

Sita Shiva Rao's husband, a ranking official in the Imperial Tobacco Company [ITC], was one of the very few India based functionaries in this pucca sahib company. Travels with him gave her many interesting experiences--- in Sweden (where the couple happened to be on India's Independence Day (1947), in Delhi where they witnessed India's first Republic Day (1950) and in London on the Queen's Coronation day (1953). A truly global experience long before the word became so common!

Summing up her life, she thanks the Almighty for such an excellent memory, which gave her capacity to span the ages - from the era of the bullock cart to that of planes, cell phones, Skype and emails.  The book shows the sociological flows in a community that has rapidly moved out of its landed-agrarian roots to the urban framework of living and thinking. That her life and times coincided with the rise of India's oldest political party, and some of its leaders, gives it a further edge. This unique blending of the traditional and modern is perhaps something that generically (and genetically) characterises the Saraswat community.

Generously peppered with photographs, the book is intersticed with parallel accounts by the successive generations of the Naimpalli family. We leave the rest to your curiosity and imagination! 

An Introduction to Tonse Mangesha Rao

Author: Dr. Gayathri Navada, Mangalore, 2015

Uttara and Dakshina Kannada, the centre-point of Saraswat communities, has had a number of outstanding teachers and educationists whom generations of students (who in turn gained eminence) have remembered with fondness and admiration. One such avant garde teacher, and non fiction writer, extensively using Kannada language to communicate scientific matters to school level students in early decades of 20th century, was Tonse Mangesh Rao (b. 1877). He taught at the high school level, maintained a level of interest in practical science to have a home-laboratory, design several gadgets and install the first power gen set at a theatre in Mangalore. Mangesh Rao enthused the student community in applied sciences, and wrote "Kannada Kaipidi" a lexicon of teaching methodology......a Kannada version, if you will, of Madame Montessori!

Photograph of Mangish Rao Tonse and some hand drawn sketches from his books

He was the also author of 3 other handbooks---'Prakruti Shastra' (environmental science); 'Rasayan Shastra' (Chemistry); and 'Padartha Vijnan Shastra' ( Material Science)all written in 1929. They were readerfriendly, in Q and A format, giving interesting analogies, all designed to make easy comprehension of ideas in Kannada... and this at a time when English language had already become the foremost tool for learning and advancement. Mangesh Rao was one of the earliest proponents of the system of imbibing knowledge through understanding and interest, rather than by rote, a precursor of Western methodology of disseminating knowledge, and that too not in an alien tongue, but one's own language. He was doing all this, amazingly, tucked away in a remote corner of the then Madras Presidency.

We should all feel a pride in teachers like him who lay such firm intellectual foundations for their students, and worked to lay a de novo base for a modern society.

The Life Story of Devarao Shivaram Ubhayakar  

Author: Sharada Prabhakar, Bombay, 1960

This is a 'rags to riches'story - with a difference. Devarao Ubhaykar, as someone noted, learnt to 'give away (his wealth) until it aches'. From humble origins in Hubli, Karnataka he worked his way up, by sheer dint of industry, honesty and perseverance in the burgeoning textile industry in Bangalore and its environs. Fate dealt him a kind hand in that his activity coincided with an economic boom in that sector in the WWII years when textile mills in India revved up to meet demands of the military sector. He built up an unprecedented level of trust and repute, worked with distinction in Sirur/Mysore and later Minerva Mills and used the wealth he built up in philanthropy work.  His "Deena Deva Sangha" cared for all round welfare of mill and other workers at 

Cover of the book "ANNA The Life Story of Devarao Shivaram Ubhayakar"


a time when they had few welfare measures or sympathy inside or outside the government.
He also helped in the war effort with assistance to military hospitals and contributions to Red Cross. He used his wealth in village uplift schemes, opened Students Homes to care for needy students. The spread of his charity and welfare ideas practically covered much of peninsular India. His daughter, Sharada, who has authored her father's life chronicle, talks poignantly, of how in the midst of all his work, he proved equally caring for his family and community. It all goes to show how one who realises good in the service of the poor, the weak and the needy, and in the words of Mahatma Gandhi "wipes the tear from every eye", brings out the best in Humankind.

Perennial Philosophy

Readings with Arur Umabai 
Selected and translated by Dr Gopal S. Hattiangdi, 1995

Through the mists of Time, the perennial philosophy of the Chronicle of our Gurus - the GuruParampara - has been the Upadesha (spiritual advice) given by our Gurus to the laity. Based on this seminal chronicle, composed by Sant Umabai Arur, running to some 6000 verses/psalms, Dr.Hattiangdi has made a cutting edge selection of 86 "illuminating" verses, and translated them into English. For HH Anandashram Swamiji, the Ninth Guru, the author has, in his words, attempted "a more realistic picture" by composing 24 verses based on the hallowed Swamiji`s thoughts. These form the"Words of Wisdom".

The late Sadanand Bhatkal, of Popular Books, who claims responsibility for resurrecting this slim volume from the author`s filing cabinet and bringing it to print, notes Dr.Hattiangdi`s "relentless spirit of enquiry, a seeking after knowledge, and amazing creativity backed up by devotion and dedication.

Cover of the book "Lyrical Wisdom of Shankaracharya"

Lyrical Wisdom of Shankaracharya

Author: Dr. Gopal Hattiangdi
Year of print: 1970, Bombay

"Devoted deeply to the Master’s lotus-feet, Become liberated from this transient world. Only by controlling the senses and the mind, Will you behold the Divinity seated in your

"Lyrical Wisdom of Shankaracharya" examines the lifetime achievements (compressed into a span of just 32 years) of this phenomenal yogi-teacher-philosopher through 9 stotras and 12 Mahavakyas (sacred utterances) written by him. Selected and translated into English by Dr. Gopal Hattiangdi, the contents of this 63 page volume will surely act as a beacon to Self Realization, and add to our value system.

Image: Page from the book showing the Author and Anandashram Swamiji with Shishya Swami

Chitrapur Padyavali

Author : Ved. Shukl Lakshman Bhat

"Devoted deeply to the Master’s lotus-feet, Become liberated from this transient world. Only by controlling the senses and the mind, Will you behold the Divinity seated in your 

Chitrapur Saraswats have always laid great emphasis on songs for sacred events and daily prayers. Nowhere is this more evident than in the compilation of the "Chitrapur Padyavali" by the doyen of the Community Vaidiks, Shukl Lakshman Bhat ji (1902-1964 CE). Gifted with a powerful voice, Bhat ji had also cut several 78 rpm discs with "Shankara Narayana" and other iconic hymns in the 1940s. In the Padyavali, all favourite bhajans that Aamchis grew up with, and still sing, are put together, each with the appropriate raga.

Cover of the book "A caste in a Changing World"

A Caste in A Changing World :
The Chitrapur Saraswat Brahmans c1700-1935

Author: Frank F Conlon
Year of print: 1977

Dr. Frank Conlon's "A Caste in A Changing World: The Chitrapur Saraswat Brahmans c1700-1935" is the piece de resistance of serious writing on the history of Chitrapur Saraswats, and evolution of social and religious developments within this community since late medieval times to the 20th century. Dr. Conlon is Professor Emeritus of History, South Asian Studies at University of Washington, Seattle; This publication was part of his doctoral thesis.

Dr. Conlon's overview of the Chitrapur Saraswats gives us, and the wider world outside, a mirror to the progression of a microscopic community from humble rural settings to the major metropolises of India; the role of the spiritual centre - Sri Chitrapur Math, and its leaders - in binding and keeping the group together; the rise of social leaders and organisations in the community that helped it metamorphose, literally, from a "cocoon to a butterfly." To bring it into contemporary context, we have a companion interview with Dr. Conlon

A Wrestling Soul: Story of the life of Sir Narayan Chandavarkar

Author: Ganesh L. Chandavarkar
Year of Print: 1955, Bombay

We take inspiration from "A Wrestling Soul", biography of a remarkable polymath who had a deeply felt mission of changing Indian society of his times. Narayan Chandavarkar (1855-1923 CE) was a successful lawyer, legislator, keen social reformer and a guiding example to the younger generation. Among his multifarious activities, he attended the very first meeting of the Indian National Congress, Calcutta 1885, and presided over its Lahore session in 1900. The body, still in its infancy, speedily attained the role of a mentor for colonial Indians seeking Freedom, achieved half a century later. The book, written by his nephew in 1955 to mark the birth centenary of this extraordinarily able Chitrapur Saraswat, is dedicated to "The Youth Of India". We sincerely hope today's youth read this, and get inspired in their own lives, wherever they are and in whatever they do.

Konkani Proverbs, Riddles, Lullabies and Nursery Songs

Author: S S Talmaki
Year of Print: 1991, Bombay

A perennial Aamchi favourite, and a true labour of love by Sh. SS Talmaki, "Konkani Proverbs, Riddles, Lullabies and Nursery Songs" also finds place in this group. In this age of instant sound bytes, these are themes that have long disappeared from our awareness. We hope this digital avataar will, to a tangible extent, help revive our old culture, and nostalgic values of life that went with it.

Image of the cover and 1st page of the book "Excerpts from the Upadesh of H. H. Srimad Keshavashram Swamiji"

Excerpts from the Upadesh of
H. H. Srimad Keshavashram Swamiji

Author: K. Shanker Rao
Year of print: 1970

Sh. K. Shanker Rao has done an invaluable service to the community by drawing on a (possibly) handwritten Kannada manuscript of HH Pandurangashram Swamiji "The History of Saraswat Brahmans, the Guru Parampara and Sri Chitrapur Math", and extracting selections pertaining to the practice of Dharma and Gayatri Upasana from the "Upadesha" given by HH Keshavashrama Swamiji (1785-1823 CE),and rendered their free translations into English.

In his foreword, Sh. K Shanker Rao notes that "the beauty of these quotations lies in their logical reasoning, and their spread across the vast domain of our scriptures". This systematic and logical process of thinking, so characteristic in our Guruparampara, was also evinced in the discourses of HH Keshavashrama Swamiji which aimed "to continue the intellectual efforts of discouraging the practice, then extant among Sarasvatas, of following Vaisnava practices, as they were primarily Saivites, initiated by HH Shankarashrama I in the 18th century" [Hattiangdi in "Fifty Years of Bliss", 1960].

This collection was brought out by the Madras Local Sabha to mark the Golden Jubilee celebrations of Sri Krishna and Sri Datta Jayanties in Aug 1970.

Cover of the Commemorative volume and a photograph of Umabai Kundapur

Umabai Kundapur:
Diamond Jubilee Souvenir​

Published by: Bhagini Mandal, Hubli
Year of print: 1952, Hubli

With the digitization of "Umabai Kundapur: Diamond Jubilee Souvenir" originally brought out by the Bhagini Mandal, Hubli in 1952, we mark another catalyzing step in chronicling the annals of the Chitrapur Saraswat community on this website. Freedom fighter, Congress volunteer in the Civil Disobedience Movement, activist with All India Women's Conference (the pioneering pan-India body of its kind) and a social emancipator who worked for women's welfare all her life, Smt Umabai Kundapur was a role model for her times. To use a well known phrase, "her life was her message". She lived in stirring times, and in her own way, helped create them. This book of short essays, in different languages, views her lifetime achievements through the eyes of her admiring peers, many of whom were giants of India's Freedom Movement. Today, when we all breathe the air of a "Swatantra Bharat" (with all its warts), let us recall with reverence, those who (to use another well known phrase) "gave their Todays for our Tomorrows".



Image of the cover and 7 pages of the

The Chitrapur Panchanga
Shalivahana Shaka 1818 (CE 1896-1897)

Published by: Chitrapur Club, Mumbai
Year of Publication: 1896


This fascinating heritage calendar-cum-census, was issued in 1896 by the Chitrapur Club (predecessor to the Kanara Saraswat Association, Mumbai) with the blessings of HH Pandurangashram Swamiji. The Panchanga, issued in consultation with the Math, gathered many types of information under one cover, and was the brain child of Shri Shamrao Vithal Kaikini, (President of the Chitrapur Club) who convinced Pandurangashram Swamiji of the utility of such a compendium for the community. The publication not only included information on matters spiritual and astrological, but also enumerated the numbers in the community, their distribution and education levels, thumbnail sketches of saints/poets in the community, auspicious dates that year, and also railway information and guides to major pilgrimage centres.

Brought out by the Karnataka Press in Durmukhi Samvatsara, Shalivahana Shaka 1818 (Christian Year 1896-97) and priced at 4 Annas, the plan was to publish the Panchanga annually. However, the plague that broke out in the following years in Bombay Presidency scattered the community and scuttled these plans. When the idea revived a decade or so later, the personalities and the milieu (and hence the framework) had changed. Thus, this Panchanga remains a one-of-its-kind document, the very first attempt made in the community at data management on a modern template, and a reference compendium for all members. is privileged to bring out the digital version of this heritage publication of the Chitrapur Saraswats so that we can glimpse the long range vision of our generational predecessors in creating a path that has been well trodden in the following century, the latest census having been released in 2016.

In preparing this digital title, we have received signal support from Wg. Cdr. (Retd.) Nayel Devrao Mohan, VSM, who has rendered faithfully and accurately the text into The English language, parallel to the original Kannada text, to make it relevant to the non-Kannada knowing readership. His has been an absolute labour of love, and we gratefully acknowledge our debt to him, as we do to Sh. Ramcharan Hattiangdi, who alerted us to the existence of this priceless text in his family library.


Author : Dr. Gopal S. Hattiangdi
Year of Print : 1967, Mumbai 

“A simple little book, in the form of a catechism on Gayatri, devoid of clichés and cumbersome explanations ... useful to the modern man”.

This is how the author envisioned yet another of his “pocketbooks”. And reading it, you will discover that it is indeed so. Nevertheless, its scope is profound, and was one of HH Anandashram Swamiji`s favourite subjects.

It is but fitting that Swamiji`s views on Gayatri are also included. Speaking in 1947, He said ’our young men of today will be responsible for the future welfare of the community. To equip yourself properly for this task, you need to develop both your body and your mind……meditating on the Supreme Lord and reciting the Gayatri mantra will ensure both worldly success and spiritual progress.”

The Shrimat HH Anandashram Swami Centenary Year 2015

To mark the Centenary (1915-2015) of the Peetharohana of HH Anandashram Swamiji as the ninth representative of a distinguished Guruparampara centred at the Shri Chitrapur Math, 8 eBooks were released on this website.

HH Anandashram Swamiji graced the peetha for 51 years (1915-1966)

Edited by Dr. Gopal S. Hattiangdi
published in 1965

The pride of place among this group of 8 books invariably goes to ”Fifty Years of Bliss”, edited by Dr. Gopal S. Hattiangdi and published in 1965 to mark the Golden Jubilee Year of the peetharohana of HH Anandashram Swamiji. This is a comprehensive biography of the revered Swamiji and the accompanying appendices are a mine of information on the Guruparampara and the Community.

Image showing cover of the book "A Riddle Unravelled"

A Riddle Unravelled

Dr. Gopal S. Hattiangdi, Mumbai, 2002



A variant on the above genre is the translation by Dr Hattiangdi of a long hymn from the RgVeda, authored by a sage named Dirghatamas. In the pocketbook ”A Riddle Unravelled”, the sage emerges as an “observer of the natural world and recorder of its manifest rhythms, embodying both science and poetry” (Ranjit Hoskote in his foreword to the book). We acknowledge our debt of gratitude to our Sadguru, P.P. Sadyojat Shankarashram Swamiji for His blessings and guidance, that enabled and inspired us to put this collection together.

Chitrapur Saraswat Retrospect

Author: Kilpady Guru Dutt , Bangalore, 1955

Kilpady Guru Dutt, a member of the Indian Administrative Service in Karnataka (formerly Mysore Province) held key administrative positions, ending as Director of Public Instruction. In 1957, after the formation of linguistic states, he was appointed the first Chairman of the Karnataka Electricity Board. A distinguished writer and public speaker, he also plunged into community activities, serving as the President of the Standing Committee, Shri Chitrapur Math

Cover of the book "Chitrapur Saraswat Retrospect"

Written in mid 1950s, the book gives a sharp perspective on our community in a newly independent India, its historical and spiritual roots; the travels of HH Swamiji; thumbnail career sketches of notable aamchis, and most interesting: his views on the Saraswat psyche. We are happy to present Sh.K.Guru Dutt's work to our readers in the hope that his torch of knowledge will be picked up, and carried further into the 21st century.


Pandurang, Pandurang

Author: Dr Gopal S Hattiangdi , Bombay, 1965

Pandurangashram Swamiji was the eighth in the line of succession in a distinguished lineage (Guruparampara) of spiritual leaders at Shri Chitrapur Math, Shirali (North Karnataka). He assumed leadership of the community at a critical juncture in British India (1860s) when the Industrial Revolution touched the country, as did the camera, the railway, telegraph lines, the textile industry and English education - all of which changed socio economic perspectives, and impacted the tiny Chitrapur Saraswat community as they migrated from rural confines to urban centres. In these times of rapid change, Panduragashram Swamiji was a spiritual and social anchor for a record 52 years.

​​​In a span of 140 pages (with vintage b/w photos) the biographer profiles the Swamiji as an institution builder, religious preceptor and administrator. With extensive travels (He was the first Guru to undertake the Tristhali Yatra in the North, 1887), pravachans, writings, He gave a defining profile to the community, and set the stage for change.

“Pandurang,Pandurang” is a thought provoking read for not only those wanting to know more about this magnetic personality, but also seeking a glimpse of the socio economic milieu of the community in which He worked, and on which He left a mark.



Author: Dr Gopal S Hattiangdi , 1967, Bombay

”Both Ishvara and Krishna are Pashupatis—herdsman and Lords of the child, believe me, the souls of all living beings are the ‘cattle’ of these Herdsmen.”

Pashu-Puraan is a fascinating take on animals and birds that inhabit our folklore, and shows the close relationship between Man and Nature, a relationship that is under great threat in the 21st century tragically due to Man's predation. The relationship with Man and Animal in Pashu-Puraan is, however, very different.

Image of the Cover of the book "Pashu-Puraan"


The author mentions that listening to this lore, he was struck by similarity between Ishvara and Krishna, the Pashupatis, and Christ the Good Shepherd. The book carries a perceptive and evocative foreword by HH Parijnanashram Swamiji. The black and white/ colour sketches are by the author`s wife and family.


Directory of Chitrapur Saraswat Musicians & Dancers

Publishers: Kanara Saraswat Association - Kala Vibhag, 2006, Mumbai. Compiled by: Smt. Lalith J Rao, Sh. Gourang Kodical, Sh. N Jayavanth Rao

The Directory of Musicians and Dancers, features over 400 thumbnail sketches of the careers of musicians and dancers in the community. It has been painstakingly compiled by (the late) Pt. Gourang Kodical, Vidushi Lalit J. Rao, both noted and gifted musicians, and the latter's husband, N. Jayavanth Rao, a commentator and connoisseur of music. The community is indebted to them for creating a database on which the future can build. We convey our appreciation to them, and to the Managing Committee of the KSA for permission to publish the e-version.

Front and back covers of "Chitrapur Families"

Saraswat Families

Author: Shripad Subrao Talmaki
Originally published in 4 volumes by Brittanic Durbar Printing Works, Bombay/The Popular Book Depot, Bombay, 1935-1951. Later compiled into 1 volume by the Kanara Saraswat Association in 2006, Mumbai.



“Saraswat Families” is the result of a lifetime`s labour of love, created by a simple and dedicated man who made it his life's mission to document the social history of our community and establish genealogical lines of all families who make it up. We are talking about Shripad Subrao Talmaki (1868-1948 CE), a resident of Bombay who accomplished all these tasks without a cellphone, or computer, and obviously without Google; in fact without any modern communication and workaday gadgets that we take for granted today. He toiled on with paper, pen (and his mind, of course!), gathering and analyzing data, and by sheer effort and grit, created methodology in many fields for others to follow.

His patient and purposive planning in the field of Cooperation bore fruit for the community - Cooperative housing, banking, social organizations like the Kanara Saraswat Association - they all laid solid foundations for community wellbeing. The Housing scheme was in fact the first of its kind in India and Asia. The KSA which began as a ”meeting place for no higher purpose than card playing and having social talk over a cup of tea” grew over the years to become an achievement in cooperative endeavour for promoting social, physical, economic and general well being of our community, a tribute to selfless work by Talmaki and his contemporaries, later ably followed up by his successors. He multi tasked in an age when that word was unknown. His leadership inspired many inside, and outside the community, and his work became an exemplar, in an age when national and international communications were slow or absent, and when India's fate was in the hands of colonial masters. This alone could have given him name and fame, but he was not content, and worked virtually till his last day on earth.
We salute this illustrious and unique member of our community, and hope that converting his book to the ebook form will assist future generations of aamchis keep his memory alive in our midst. We thank the governing committee of the KSA, particularly the President, Sh. Raja Pandit, and the Secy., Sh. SS Murdeshwar for their speedy assistance in facilitating our mission.

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A brief word about your Webmasters Jaishankar Bondal and Shantish Nayel: 

Jaishankar is a former member of India's diplomatic service with a continued passion for history and heritage. Shantish is a media professional working in The English Television News channel domain; Together, they hope to arouse and sustain your curiosity about the multi faceted heritage of the Chitrapur Saraswat community.