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Image: The first issue of The Saraswat Quarterly April 1919

Aamchi Lore Unlimited

We do not tell stories, we let the stories speak for themselves. Over a hundred years ago, the ”Social Club” of our community in Bombay started a broadsheet - the ‘Kanara Saraswat Quarterly’ which soon became ‘The Kanara Saraswat' Monthly ... and many eager opinions were expressed on paper. The ambit of ideas expanded from local to provincial to National. As education spread, so did the mobility of people, and of ideas. Women contributors of articles increased, as did the subjects on which people expressed opinions.

We have dipped into this cornucopia of heritage thought to bring you the very best of these unique writings. At a time when education, particularly in The English language was the privilege of a few, those who wrote did so on a spectrum of subjects. The times were interesting, ideas proliferated as frogs do during monsoons!! The socio-religious ferment in the community kept pace with political and economic events in the country; democracy of ideas oftentimes outstripped democracy of practice. While contributing to the improvement of society at large, the Chitrapur Saraswats did not lag behind in, so to speak, ”pulling itself up by its bootstraps”, and helping in the betterment of whichever areas it settled in. There never was a Golden Age (except in our imagination) and each phase in time has seen its struggles, its efforts, its successes and failures. We chronicle them all, in the hope that successive generations that read them will find word pictures that mirror the community's past, and those generations' solutions to bridge the gaps, creating hope for the future. After all, hope is the spark plug for our mental engines.

From The Kanara Saraswat, October 1932

Image of Shloka with photograph of Parama Pujya Anandashram Swamiji

21 Articles from The Kanara Saraswat Magazine 1931-32

(Scroll down this page for more)

Article Author PublicationMonth Year Download
The Mirror of Bhanap Traits (A book Review)S.R.S.The Kanara SaraswatJune1931pdf
A plea for Saraswat Census

G A Chandavarkar, MAThe Kanara SaraswatMarch1931pdf
BenaresB Sanjiva Rao, MAThe Kanara SaraswatNovember1931pdf
Communalism a means to an end
A SaraswatThe Kanara SaraswatNovember1931pdf
How to qualify for an Industrial career KS Rao, LTM, ATIThe Kanara SaraswatNovember1931pdf
A Retrospect and Prospect
HSRThe Kanara SaraswatNovember1931pdf
Saraswats then and now
GA Chandavarkar, MAThe Kanara SaraswatNovember1931pdf
THE Bhagvad Gita
H Bhavani Shanker
The Kanara SaraswatNovember1931pdf
 The Burma Bhanap - a RetrospectAnonThe Kanara SaraswatNovember1931pdf
Reminiscences of our SwamiesSN KoppikarThe Kanara SaraswatApril1932pdf
Proceedings of the Mahasabha
of Chitrapur Saraswats held at Shirali on the 27th and 28th December 1932
VariousThe Kanara SaraswatDecember 1932pdf
The Other Side of Bombay SuburbsNRSThe Kanara SaraswatFebruary1932pdf
With folded HandsH Shankar RauThe Kanara SaraswatFebruary1932pdf
A Delhi-Simla HotchpotchFrom our own CorrespondenceThe Kanara SaraswatMay1932pdf
Questions and Answers
H Shankar Rau The Kanara SaraswatMay1932pdf
The Car festival at ChitrapurDNNThe Kanara SaraswatMay1932pdf
The late Haridas Mangalore Narayan BhatjiHSRThe Kanara SaraswatMay1932pdf
The Math and the CommunitySpecial CorrespondentThe Kanara SaraswatNovember1932pdf
Letter to the EditorBhanapThe Kanara SaraswatOctober1932pdf
The Math and the CommunityKSAThe Kanara SaraswatOctober1932pdf
Oh God! - GaneshG. Annaji Rao, M. A., B. L .The Kanara SaraswatOctober1932pdf
Showing entries (filtered from total entries)
Image: PP Anandashram Swamiji's New Year blessing to the Community in March 1931
PP Anandashram Swamiji's Blessings to the Community as published in The Kanara Saraswat Magazine of March 1931


Summary of a Lecture delivered by Rao Bahadur S. S. Talmaki
(Reproduced from The Kanara Saraswat, October 1934)

On Sunday the 16th September, Rao Bahadur S. S. Talmaki delivered a lecture on the Genealogies of Saraswat Families for about an hour and a half. Mr. G. P. Murdeshwar, President, Kanara Saraswat Association, presided. In the course of the lecture, the Rao Bahadur said that the work of collection had lasted for several years and that the genealogies collected upto date numbered 517 covering the whole community. Further investigation might bring to light some two or three but not more. Some of those collected were in an imperfect condition due to the fact that about 10% of the people did hot know the names of their grand-father, about 80 % that of their great grand­father, and the rest any thing beyond that. The old system of remembering the names of the living relatives of the newly wedded couple as a part of the Taliyan Pann marriage ceremony and those of the dead relatives of a person during Mahalaya now existed only in name.

Of the 517 family names, the same name had been assumed by different families, such as Mangalore, Murdeshwar etc. Mere enumeration of names of families came to 330, of which 289 were names of villages or places and the remaining 41 were of other kinds. Of these 289, as many as 203 belonged to South Kanara, 76 to North Kanara and 10 to places outside both the districts, such as Mysore, Malabar and Goa. The reason why so few belonged to North Kanara was that they came only from the three Talukas of Bhatkal, Honavar and Kumta the remaining 7 Talukas having then been under the King of Sonda. On the other hand the names in South Kanara were more numerous because they came from all the Talukas of the district, and after the British rule began, Mangalore was for a long time the chief seat of Government, only an Assistant Judge and an Assistant Collector having been placed in charge of North Kanara at Honavar. Of the remaining 41 names, some represented professions, suchas Chickermane, Ugran. Nadkarni, Kabad, Labadaya, Bhagavat, Bhat, etc., some like Bharadwaj, Kowshik etc. represented gotras and only 7 were nick-names. The lecturer wondered why out of 200 nick-names in his collection, only 7 should have been dignified as surnames. He gave instances of other communities and of even Europeans freely assuming nicknames as surnames. He showed that even the names of various Rishis like Goutama, Vatsa, Bharadwaj, Kowshik etc. were nicknames, and so also were the puranic names Bhisma. Nakula, Virat, Krishna etc. Our aversion to nicknames showed that we had less humour than other people and that we were more ready to give names to others than to receive them.

The lecturer observed that out of 517 family trees, 232 were mere branches of one or other of the main trees, though different names had been assumed by reason of residence in different places. For instance, the various families of Kowshik gotra known as Gangolli in South Kanara were branches of the Harite family of North Kanara. their progenitor being Harite Shabayya. The progenitor of the Tombat family was Ugranada Rangappa, and therefore this family was a branch of the Ugran family. There were many more instances of the kind.

Continuing, the Rao Bahadur explained that families bearing the same name could be distinguished from one another and that families though bearing different names could be identified as belonging to the same stock by the following characteristics : Gotra, Family God (Kuldev) local God (Ishtadev) and family customs such as Vaddapa, etc. For instance, the 10 families going under the same surname Mangalore, or the 7 under that of Ullal or the 6 under that of Murdeshwar, could be distinguished as quite distinct by the above men ti o ned characteristics. On the other hand, the identification of a number of families as belonging to a particular stock could be proved fey the same test, e.g.,the various branches of the Hattiangadi family such as Murdeshwar, Kalavar, Vombatkere etc. could be identified by reason of their gotra being Vatsa and the family God being Laxminarayana and Mahamaya of Ankola. Similarly, the 3 families known as Dhareshwar (not the one which is a branch of Ubhaya) and the one known as Kesarkodi could be identified with Hosangadi as the family god (Gharcho Devu) of the former four is at Hosangadi and all the five families perform the same kind of Vaddapa ceremony, analogous to that performed by the Nadkarni family.

There were six gotras to be found in the community, viz., Koundinya. Kowshik, Vatsa, Atri, Bharadwaj and Kutsa. The IE cond and the sixth were wrongly pronounced as Kansh and Kaansh respectively, causing much confusion thereby. The family Gods of the 1st were Mangesh and Mahalaxmi, of the 2nd and 5th are Shantadurga and Mahalaxmi, of the 4th Mahalsa, and o f the 6th was Narasinha. The Vatsa gotra had five branches having different family Gods viz., (1) Mangesh & Mahalaxmi, (2) Shantadurga, Mangesh & Mahalaxmi, (3) Nagesh (4) Laxminarayen & Mahamaya, and (5) Shanta ­ durga, Mangesh, Mahalaxmi, Navadurga and Simhi or Nag. With the help of, these characteristics, and by noting the days on which they perform Devakarya and the method of performing Vaddapa, it is possible to identify families or to distinguish them from one another. The lecturer was of opinion that many families must have lived in Kanara long before the Portuguese inquisition in Goa as was shown by the length of generations which some families had reached in their family trees.

Three causes must have brought the Saraswats to Kanara, viz., Natural expansion from Goa to the south. Mohammedan rule in Goa which commenced from 1314 A.D., and the Portuguese inquisition which started from 1560 A.D. Concluding, the lecturer said that several suggestions had been made to him that the material collected by him should be printed. But he thought that the work of printing would cost more than Rs. 4,000 which no single individual or institution could be expected to bear. The best course would be that individuals belonging to the different families should come forward to undertake to print the genealogies of their own families including the branches on a uniform size, viz., that of the Kanara Saraswat and supply 50 copies of each such print to the Association which should then get the prints bound together and place a copy of the volume at different centres where our people resided, for information, reference and guidance. Each genealogy must contain a brief note of the family history, its traditions and other important and interesting; particulars so far as they were known. The lecturer undertook to supply such material as was in his possession. He suggested that persons wishing to print their family trees or those interested in the subject might communicate with the Kanara Saraswat Association.

In thanking Rao Bahadur Talmaki for his very interesting lecture, Mr. Murdeshwar expressed the opinion that it was desirable to secure uniformity in the matter of the printing and getup as well as in treatment, and that, with this end in view, intending donors might send their donations to the Association, the Rao Bahadur himself supplying the introductory notes and arranging to see the work through the press.

Photograph dated 1932 showing PP Anandashram Swamiji with the Special Committee

Proceedings of the Mahasabha, 1932

A watershed event in the history of the Chitrapur Saraswat Community of the 20th Century. Read all about it as reported in the pages of The Kanara Saraswat of December 1932.

Kashi-Saraswat Links:
Lord Bhavanishankara Temple in Kashi

From The Kanara Saraswat, January 2009.

Article Author PublicationMonth Year Download
Stray thoughts on thriftA FaddistThe Kanara SaraswatFebruary1928pdf
Rao Saheb Harbilas Sarda's Child Marriages Bill: A letter from the Secretary to the Government of Bombay, Home Department
Home Department, Government of BombayThe Kanara SaraswatFebruary1931pdf
Motilal Nehru ObituaryCtsy, Weekly HeraldThe Kanara SaraswatFebruary1931pdf
Science and ReligionH. Bhavani ShankerThe Kanara SaraswatJuly1931pdf
The Saraswat Students' ConvocationThe Kanara SaraswatAugust1931pdf
Removal of Untouchabilityspeech by V. N. Chandavarkar at the National Liberal FederationThe Kanara SaraswatJanuary1928pdf
The Sea as a profession
Cadet U. ShankerraoThe Kanara SaraswatJanuary1931pdf
The Status of WomenA. MonogamistThe Kanara SaraswatJune1931pdf
Saraswat Day CelebrationsThe Kanara SaraswatDecember1931pdf
Saraswat Social outlookA Lecture by G. A. Chandavarkar, M. A. at the Saraswat Social Club, Poona.The Kanara SaraswatJuly1931pdf
Joint Family System
ContributedThe Kanara SaraswatMarch1931pdf
Joint family or individualismContributions and R. R. Talckerkar, B.A., LL. B.The Kanara SaraswatFeb-Aug1931pdf
It's a Wreck!M. D. R.The Kanara SaraswatJuly1931pdf
Home IndustriesR. S. P.The Kanara SaraswatApril1928pdf
His Message
Rao Bahadur S. S. Talmaki, B. A., LL. B.The Kanara SaraswatDecember1931pdf
Diamond Jubilee celebrations of Ganapathy High SchoolPresidential Address of Rao Bahadur S. S. TalmakiThe Kanara SaraswatFebruary1931pdf
Confessions of a Reporter
G. V. SirurThe Kanara SaraswatApril1928pdf
Break The Quill
UmanathThe Kanara SaraswatApril1928pdf
Abdominal Exercises
S. B. NayampallyThe Kanara SaraswatJuly1928pdf
A Plea for the development of home industries
Kalyanpur Gopal RaoThe Kanara SaraswatFebruary1931pdf
From Chitrapur to Rishikesh
(Contributed)The Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineJuly1927pdf
Hrishikesh and after
RecluseThe Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineJuly1927pdf
The advantages and disadvantages of late marriages
G. Annaji Rao, M. A., B.L.The Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineOctober1927pdf
The Return of Our Swamiji
B.M. MudbhatkalThe Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineApril1927pdf
The Shri Chitrapur Math
S.N. KoppikarThe Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineJuly1927pdf
Car Festival at ShiraliA Saraswat BrahminThe Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineJuly1927pdf
Editorial Notes, January 1927EditorialThe Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineJanuary1927pdf
The Economic Development of the two Kanaras
R. K. GolikereThe Saraswat QuarterlyJanuary1928pdf
NamesB. B. MundkurThe Saraswat QuarterlyAugust1931pdf
Saraswat EconomicsH. N. R.The Saraswat QuarterlyOctober1920pdf
Saraswat Industrial Enterprise in Mangalore
The Saraswat QuarterlyOctober1919pdf
Some Konkani proverbs with tales...Shiva Rao V. GulvadiThe Kanara SaraswatFebruary1933pdf
The art of Bhanap cooking
V. Anasuya BaiThe Kanara SaraswatAugust, November, March1932-1933pdf
Our mother tongue​Various​The Saraswat QuarterlyApril 1928 - August 1929April 1928 - August 1929pdf
Saraswat LullabiesG. Annaji Rao, M. A., B.L.The Saraswat QuarterlyJuly1927pdf
Ganapathy High School Mangalore
(Contributed)The Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineOctober1927pdf
Industrial and Agricultural PossibilitiesRusty RusticThe Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineApril1927pdf
The Kanara Saraswat Conference
EditorialThe Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineJanuary1927pdf
The need for Hindi among Saraswats (Marathi)
Kamaladei Sunderrao DongerkryThe Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineJanuary1927pdf
Women and the spread of Hindi (Marathi)
Shantabai ShirurThe Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineApril1927pdf
Editorial Notes, April 1927
EditorialThe Kanara Saraswat Quarterly MagazineApril1927pdf
A few thoughts on Communal Institutions
Kaikini LaxmanThe Saraswat QuarterlyOctober1920pdf
In Quest of a NameH. N. R.The Saraswat QuarterlyOctober1920pdf
Some Characteristics of the Kanara Saraswats​
G. A. Chandavarkar; M. A.The Kanara SaraswatMay1932pdf
Popular ReminiscencesH. N. R.The Saraswat QuarterlyOctober1920pdf
Saraswats in the south
An Article based on the lecture by G. P. MurdeshwarThe Saraswat QuarterlyDecember1932pdf
Vivaah Sudharana​Sow. Umabai Sanjivrao KundapurThe Saraswat QuarterlyOctober1920pdf
Divtige SalamR. N. SaletoreThe Kanara SaraswatMarch1979pdf
The story of the Gramophone Record
MM Koppikar, M.A., B.Sc., A.I.CThe Saraswat QuarterlyOctober1928pdf
ObservationS N. K.The Saraswat QuarterlyOctober1928pdf
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Pandit Motilal Nehru

Obituary published in The Kanara Saraswat, Feb 1931

[Courtesy: Weekly Herald]

As this issue was almost in print we heard of the death of Pandit Motilal Nehru which has set the whole country in mourning. The Pandit was the prince of Nationalists since he entered politics. Born a Kashmiri Saraswat Brahmin he lived and died an Indian-first and last, He was the foremost figure in Indian Nationalism during the last whole decade with perhaps the one exception of Mahatma Gandhi. He was an astute lawyer, a shrewd statesman and a born leader of men. His voice was the voice of command and his advice the advice of sound judgment. As a fighter there were few to equal his courage and determination. He was loved by people and respected by Government. In his profession He earned a fabulous income and when he turned to politics he became the darling of the nation. He was twice President of the National Congress, in 1919 and 1928, an honour hardly conferred on anyone during the latter days of the Congress. His death at this particular juncture when great national issues are on the anvil is a national calamity. He strove and laboured for the emancipation of his country and died in sight of victory. 

Photograph of Women Satyagrahis released from Prison in 1931. Also an image of Indian Flag adopted in 1921

Saraswat Ladies released from prison for offering Satyagrah in Bombay. (The Kanara Saraswat, Nov 1931The White-Green-Red flag shown above is the 'Swaraj Flag' adopted by the Congress in 1921 as the National Flag around which Satyagrahis like these ladies rallied. 
Article Author PublicationMonth Year Download
Saraswat Households
Vatsala NathThe Kanara SaraswatSeptember1929pdf
Mahatma Gandhi's two Battle FrontsD. M. N.The Kanara SaraswatJuly1930pdf
Mahatma Gandhi's Satyagraha Yatra MarchSmt Umabai KundapurThe Kanara SaraswatMarch1930pdf
Mahatma GandhiR. S. PadbidriThe Kanara SaraswatNovember1929pdf
Freedom Struggle Notes
KSA EditorialThe Kanara SaraswatApril1930pdf
Hind Bandhus (Marathi Poem)
V. M. DhareshwarThe Kanara SaraswatApril1930pdf
Gandhiji and Education (Marathi)
Sitaram Pandurang BhattThe Kanara SaraswatApril1930pdf
Current Topics
R. S. P.The Kanara SaraswatJanuary1930pdf
The Sarda Act
H. Manorama BaiThe Kanara SaraswatFebruary1930pdf
The Song of the Charka
G. Annaji RaoThe Kanara SaraswatOctober1928pdf
Satyagraha Chhavni
B. L. HattiangadiThe Kanara SaraswatApril1 & July1930pdf
The Karnatak Congress Workers' League
Editorial TeamThe Kanara SaraswatJuly1930pdf
Hindi in South Kanara
CorrespondentThe Kanara SaraswatDecember1929pdf
Vivah Sudharana (Marathi)
Seetabai Ramrao PadbidriThe Kanara SaraswatJuly1928pdf
The Freedom of Youth
K. N. NagarkattiThe Kanara SaraswatOctober1928pdf
Saint Shivamunishwara
S. N. KThe Kanara SaraswatJan 1928 July 1930Jan 1928 July 1930pdf
My Visit to the Scout Jamboree
L. B. KalyanpurThe Kanara SaraswatNovember1929pdf
MusicR. S. SamsiThe Kanara SaraswatFebruary1930pdf
Pratistha Celebrations in Shree Bhandikeri
Saraswat BrahminThe Kanara SaraswatJuly1928pdf
Ishwarananda Mahila Sevashram MangaloreM. S. Madhava RauThe Kanara SaraswatMarch1930pdf
Industrial and Trade Enterprises of Saraswats
G. A. R.The Kanara SaraswatJanuary1928pdf
Life-Sketch of Srimat Swami Ishwaranandji
Pandit Ramanath RaoThe Kanara SaraswatJuly1928pdf
Exercise for Women (Marathi)
Smt Leelabai KoppikarThe Kanara SaraswatFebruary1930pdf
Editorial Note Mahasabha
EditorialThe Kanara SaraswatAugust1929pdf
The Struggle for Freedom
R. S. SamsiThe Kanara SaraswatApril1930pdf
An Educational Problem and a possible solution
Shiva Rao V. GulvadiThe Kanara SaraswatJuly1929pdf
Training of Vedics
S. S. C. UbhayakarThe Kanara SaraswatMarch1930pdf
The Umamaheshwar Temple Moolky
Karnad Manamohana RaoThe Kanara SaraswatApril1930pdf
Adarsh Saraswat Bala (Marathi)"Karmyogi": (Contributed)The Kanara SaraswatJuly1929pdf
Some Glimpses into the Past History of Saraswats
V. M. ChickermaneThe Kanara SaraswatJan 1928 & Oct 1928Jan 1928 & Oct 1928pdf
A Poet's address to Saraswats
Harindranath ChattopadhyaThe Kanara SaraswatJuly1929pdf
The Mahasabha -It's past History
X. Y. ZThe Kanara SaraswatSep & Dec1929pdf
The Study of Hindustani
B. Mangesh RaoThe Kanara SaraswatJuly1929pdf
The Bailur Math
S. N. K.The Kanara SaraswatDecember1929pdf
Saraswats and Industrial Development
K. S. Rao, L.T.M.The Kanara SaraswatJuly1928pdf
Saraswat Surnames
S. N. K.The Kanara SaraswatApril1930pdf
The Car-festival at Shirali Chitrapur
S. N. K.The Kanara SaraswatMarch1930pdf
The Greater Kanara
G .A. ChandavarkarThe Kanara SaraswatJuly & October1928pdf
Saraswat Rishikul Brahmacharyashram (Kembre)
T. N. KoppikarThe Kanara SaraswatJuly1928pdf
Showing entries (filtered from total entries)
Image: The Rural Verse page

Rural Verse

From The Kanara Saraswat, October 1932

This Classic by Ambabai Samshi is possibly found in every Chitrapur Saraswat Household... and here's the tale behind it's Iconic cover.

Image of Aparna Gupt's post about the Rasachandrika Cover

From The Kanara Saraswat, April 1928

Cartoon: The Wireless Age

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